Meredith Russo

Birthday, Meredith Russo, Flatiron Books, 2019. From the publisher: Two best friends. A shared birthday. Six years… ERIC: There was the day we were born. There was the minute Morgan and I decided we were best friends for life. The years where we stuck by each other’s side—as Morgan’s mom died, as he moved across READ MORE Meredith Russo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist, Ridgefield, CT, 06877, Through out a lifetime, one will experience periods of mental/emotional, physical or spiritual discomfort/stress, pain or ... MEREDITH RUSSO was born, raised, and lives in Tennessee. She started living as her true self in late 2013 and never looked back. If I Was Your Girl was partially inspired by her experiences as a trans woman. Like Amanda, Meredith is a gigantic nerd who spends a lot of her time obsessing over video games and Star Wars. MEREDITH RUSSO lives in Brooklyn with her cat Shadow and probably more books than is responsible for a New York apartment. When she isn't upsetting Yankees by smiling and making eye contact on the 3 train she spends her time lifting weights, playing fighting games, blowing up the mic at karaoke, glancing anxiously at her TBR pile, and, of course, working on her next book. The follow-up to If I Was Your Girl, Meredith Russo’s beloved and acclaimed debut, Birthday is a novel told in six years of snapshots of the characters’ birthdays, peeling back the bittersweet layers in this slice of life romance. MEREDITH RUSSO was born, raised, and lives in Chattanooga, Tennessee. She is a mother to a wonderful four year old, a cat with an attitude problem, and a few dozen trans people around the globe. Her star sign is Aries and one of her birth arcana is the Tower, so naturally she is a disaster.

19 Marvel Behind-The-Scenes Facts That'll Make These Heartbreaking Moments Even More Memorable

2020.09.17 14:02 autobuzzfeedbot 19 Marvel Behind-The-Scenes Facts That'll Make These Heartbreaking Moments Even More Memorable

  1. First, Tom Holland improvised the moment when Peter says, "I don't wanna go" before he's turned to dust in Avengers: Infinity War. When Holland wants to make himself cry, he repeats a phrase over and over again, and that's what inspired this.
  2. And Groot's final "I am Groot" line in Infinity War before he gets dusted is actually him saying "Dad" as he looks at Rocket for the last time.
  3. Kevin Feige first told Robert Downey Jr. that Tony Stark would probably die in December 2015, which was around the time they were finishing Captain America: Civil War.
  4. Meanwhile, Scarlett Johansson found out that Natasha would die in Avengers: Endgame before production began on Infinity War — she said it didn't feel real until she was standing on the Vormir set alongside Jeremy Renner.
  5. Most of the cast found out they were filming Tony's funeral in Avengers: Endgame the day they arrived on the set. Sebastian Stan said that he was told they were filming a wedding and then realized that Downey was missing.
  6. In Black Panther, when Killmonger defeats T'Challa and throws him over the cliff, cinematographer Rachel Morrison and the camera crew filmed the entire scene with handheld equipment, so they were in the water right beside Michael B. Jordan and Chadwick Boseman.
  7. One of the most emotional moments for Jordan to film in Black Panther was when Killmonger reunites with his father in a dream sequence.
  8. In Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, the moment when Kraglin screams during Yondu's funeral was inspired by Max at the end of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.
  9. In Spider-Man: Homecoming, when Spider-Man is trapped under a building, Holland was actually lying underneath real rubble and cement, so it was super heavy; he said it was the hardest scene to film in the entire movie.
  10. In Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Hayley Atwell wore very little makeup for the scene when Steve visits Peggy, who has Alzheimer's, so the finished product was created digitally. An older actor performed the scene, mimicking Atwell's movements, and then the two performances were combined.
  11. While filming Peggy's funeral in Captain America: Civil War, Chris Evans jokingly texted Atwell a picture of the funeral, saying, "You look pretty hot when you're old and dead."
  12. Tom Hiddleston knew about Loki's death in Avengers: Infinity War before filming Thor: Ragnarok — he said that knowing this helped inform his entire performance in Ragnarok.
  13. In Captain America: The Winter Soldier, the moment when Bucky gets his mind wiped was inspired by Han Solo being tortured by Darth Vader in Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back.
  14. In Guardians of the Galaxy, Laura Haddock, who played Meredith Quill, recorded the dialogue for the moment when Peter reads the letter from his mom in the back of a car — Chris Pratt actually listened to the recording while filming the scene.
  15. The first scene Annette Bening filmed for Captain Marvel was actually the moment when Dr. Wendy Lawson dies after the plane crash.
  16. Before coming up with the mid-credits scene when Hope, Hank, and Janet turn to dust and Scott is trapped in the Quantum Realm in Ant-Man and the Wasp, the filmmakers thought about hinting at Thanos and Infinity War in the backgrounds of scenes throughout the movie, but it didn't pack the emotional punch that they wanted.
  17. The last scene Downey filmed as Iron Man was Tony's emotional last words — they even filmed this moment on a soundstage right next door to where Downey had his original screen test for Iron Man 12 years before.
  18. Also, there was originally dialogue written for Tony in Avengers: Endgame when everyone is saying goodbye to him, but Downey was "adamant" that Tony didn't need to talk here because his fight was done.
  19. And finally, "I love you 3,000" was actually a phrase that Downey's son used when he was growing up. Downey told the writers about it, and it eventually made it into Avengers: Endgame.
Link to article
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2020.08.26 23:42 autobuzzfeedbot 18 LGBTQ YA Books To Add To Your Reading List

  1. Pet by Akwaeke Emezi.
  2. They Both Die At The End by Adam Silvera.
  3. The Falling In Love Montage by Ciara Smyth.
  4. Loveless by Alice Oseman.
  5. It's Not Like It's A Secret by Misa Sugiura.
  6. Find Me by André Aciman.
  7. Once and Future by Cory McCarthy.
  8. As I Descended by Robin Talley.
  9. Gideon the Ninth by Tamsyn Muir.
  10. Dreadnought by April Daniels.
  11. The State of Us by Shaun David Hutchinson.
  12. Autoboyography by Christina Lauren.
  13. If I Was Your Girl by Meredith Russo.
  14. The Love Interest by Cale Dietrich.
  15. Clap When You Land by Elizabeth Acevedo.
  16. Cinderella is Dead by Kalynn Bayron.
  17. Felix Ever After by Kacen Callender.
  18. The Boy in the Red Dress by Kristin Lambert
Link to article
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2020.08.05 11:34 adalby12 Actors Who Were Considered For Oscar Nominated Roles - Would They Still Have Been Nominated/Would They Have Won? BEST SUPPORTING ACTOR 1970s

Next up is the Best Supporting Actor category: all of these are people who were considered in one way or another for roles that got their eventual portrayer nominated for Best Supporting Actor at the Oscars at some point during the 1970s. Would any of these performances have been better than what we got? Would any of them still have been nominated for the Oscar? Could some of them even have won it? These lists are not exhaustive in the slightest, feel free to mention any you find interesting that I have not mentioned. Also, thanks to u/JuanRiveara for some assistance with a couple of these, make sure you’re voting in his Reddit Oscars when you can. Anyway, list time
Apocalypse Now (1979) - Francis Ford Coppola offered the role of Willard to STEVE MCQUEEN, who refused it as he preferred the role of Kilgore and wanted to play him, as it meant less time on set. However, he still wanted the salary he would’ve gotten for playing Willard, which the production couldn’t afford, so McQueen was not cast
Coming Home (1978) - JON VOIGHT was initially sought after for this role, but instead lobbied for the lead role, and was cast, leading to Bruce Dern getting this role.
Star Wars (1977) - George Lucas originally offered the role of Obi-Wan to TOSHIRO MIFUNE, who turned it down as he was concerned that the film would look cheap and that it would cheapen the image of the samurai as a result
Rocky (1976) - Sylvester Stallone originally wanted HARVEY KEITEL for the role of Paulie. Meanwhile, the role of Mickey was first offered to LEE STRASBERG, but he was too expensive. After that, actors such as LEE J COBB, LEW AYRES, VICTOR JORY and BRODERICK CRAWFORD were considered, but were offended when asked to read for the part, leading to Burgess Meredith, who was happy to read, being cast
Marathon Man (1976) - Laurence Olivier was cast early on, but had severe cancer, only managed to get insurance due to pressure from The House of Lords, and it was unclear whether he was going to able to complete the film. As such, RICHARD WIDMARK auditioned for the role and was ready to take over if necessary, but luckily Olivier’s cancer went into remission and he was able to play the role. JEAN-PIERRE AUMONT and GEORGE CUKOR were also on the shortlist for the role
One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest (1975) - MICHAEL DOUGLAS, who produced this, initially wanted to play Billy Bibbitt in this film, as he had only previously played an orderly in the stage version. BUD CORT was also considered
The Day Of The Locust (1975) - RED SKELTON, JAMES CAGNEY and EDDIE ALBERT were all considered for Burgess Meredith’s role
Dog Day Afternoon (1975) - According to IMDb, LANCE HENRIKSEN and JOBRIATH BOONE both auditioned for the role of Leon
The Godfather Part II (1974) - The role that Michael V. Gazzo’s character played was originally going to be Peter Clemenza from the first movie, but RICHARD S CASTELLANO demanded a larger salary and that he be allowed to write the character’s dialogue else he wouldn’t return, leading to his character being removed from the script. Also, Francis Ford Coppola initially wanted ELIA KAZAN to play Hyman Roth, but he turned the role down. PETER SELLERS and JAMES CAGNEY also considered to play Roth
The Exorcist (1973) - Many actors were considered for the role of Father Karras, including AL PACINO, JACK NICHOLSON, PAUL NEWMAN, ALAN ALDA, GENE HACKMAN, ROY SCHEIDER, BURT REYNOLDS, GEORGE HAMILTON, PETER FONDA and many more before STACY KEACH was eventually cast in the role. However, Jason Miller soon replaced him, as William Friedkin spoke to him about the “failed Catholicism” in his play “That Championship Season” and left him the novel, which led to Miller calling Friedkin asking for just a screen test. The screen test blew both Friedkin and writer-producer William Peter Blatty away and Keach’s contract was bought out
The Last Detail (1973) - BUD CORT begged for the role of Meadows, but Hal Ashby turned him down, with ROBERT ENGLUND auditioning before the final two were decided: Randy Quaid and JOHN TRAVOLTA. Quaid was chosen as he was a large man yet still able to show the helplessness needed for the role, which Ashby found interesting. Columbia wanted DAVID CASSIDY in the role
The Godfather (1972) - Paramount executives wanted a popular actor for the role of Michael, such as ROBERT REDFORD or WARREN BEATTY. Producer Robert Evans preferred RYAN O’NEAL for the role, due to the success he had from Love Story. ROD STEIGER also campaigned for the part, despite being too old, and ALAIN DELON, TOMMY LEE JONES and BURT REYNOLDS were considered. Reynolds was also allegedly considered for Sonny and almost cast, but Marlon Brando refused to work with him (the same thing happened with Apocalypse Now, for which Reynolds was strongly considered to lead). Francis Ford Coppola preferred Al Pacino for the role, but Paramount disagreed, believing Pacino too short for the role and leading to MARTIN SHEEN, DUSTIN HOFFMAN, DAVID CARRADINE and JAMES CAAN screentesting, with Caan getting the part. CARMINE CARIDI was then cast as Sonny, but Coppola still pushed for Pacino. Evans eventually acquiesced, on the grounds that if Pacino was to play Michael, Caan would play Sonny. This was because Caan was 7 inches shorter than Caridi, much closer to Pacino’s height. ELVIS PRESLEY allegedly auditioned for the role of Tom Hagen, as he was a big fan of the book, along with JACK NICHOLSON, PETER FALK, JOHN CASSAVETES, STEVE MCQUEEN, BRUCE DERN, PAUL NEWMAN and (he’s back) JAMES CAAN, but Coppola wanted Robert Duvall from the start. Also, ANTHONY PERKINS reportedly auditioned for the role of Sonny, with ALDO RAY also being considered (wow that’s a long one, Jesus Christ, sorry about that)
The French Connection (1971) - According to IMDb, WILLIAM SHATNER was considered for the role of ‘Cloudy’ Russo before Roy Scheider was cast
Little Big Man (1970) - MARLON BRANDO, RICHARD BOONE, PAUL SCOFIELD and LAURENCE OLIVIER all turned down the role of Chief Old Lodge Skins
I Never Sang For My Father (1970) - Writer Robert Anderson’s first choice for the son role was RICHARD WIDMARK
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2020.07.27 06:07 patrochilless Suggest books like Birthday by Meredith Russo.

Basically any queer books for young adults with simple but beautiful writing.
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2020.06.21 10:51 autobuzzfeedbot 20 Queer Books By LGBTQ Authors That People Absolutely Adore

  1. This Is Kind of an Epic Love Story by Kacen Callender (formerly Kheryn Callender)
  2. Zami: A New Spelling of My Name by Audre Lorde
  3. An Unkindness of Ghosts by Rivers Solomon
  4. Birthday by Meredith Russo
  5. The Not Your Sidekick series by C.B. Lee
  6. Everything Leads to You by Nina LaCour
  7. Jonny Appleseed by Joshua Whitehead
  8. The Dangerous Art of Blending In by Angelo Surmelis
  9. I Wish You All the Best by Mason Deaver
  10. My Lesbian Experience with Loneliness by Nagata Kabi
  11. History Is All You Left Me by Adam Silvera
  12. Going Off Script by Jen Wilde
  13. We Set the Dark on Fire by Tehlor Kay Mejia
  14. The Brilliant Death by Amy Rose Capetta
  15. Boy Meets Boy by David Levithan
  16. Dating Sarah Cooper by Siera Maley
  17. Perspective by Cameron R Spence
  18. Openly Straight by Bill Konigsberg
  19. Fingersmith by Sarah Waters
  20. Something Like Summer by Jay Bell
Link to article
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2020.06.06 06:08 YoureWelcomeUniverse I've just started If I Was Your Girl by Meredith Russo, a realistic fiction novel aimed at a young adult audience. It centers around the difficulty of gender transitions and life after one. It's supposed to be 'haunting', 'beautifully written', and 'tear-inducing'. Anyone out there want to join me?

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2020.06.05 17:26 autobuzzfeedbot 29 Page-Turning Books That You Probably Won't Be Able To Put Down

  1. Daisy Jones and The Six by Taylor Jenkins Reid.
  2. Invisible Women: Exposing Data Bias In A World Designed For Men by Caroline Criado Perez
  3. The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas.
  4. They Both Die At The End by Adam Silvera.
  5. Bossypants by Tina Fey.
  6. Children of Blood and Bone by Toni Adeyemi.
  7. If I Was Your Girl by Meredith Russo
  8. A Beginner's Guide to Acting English by Shappi Khorsandi.
  9. The Miseducation of Cameron Post by Emily Danforth.
  10. The Princess Diarist by Carrie Fisher.
  11. Everything I Know About Love by Dolly Alderton.
  12. Don’t Touch My Hair by Emma Dabiri.
  13. Hold Still by Nina Lacour.
  14. My Thoughts Exactly by Lily Allen.
  15. The Love Interest by Cale Dietrich.
  16. Our Own Private Universe by Robin Talley.
  17. We Are Okay by Nina LaCour is a beautiful, but gut-wrenching novel about how we deal with loss and uncertainty.
  18. The Art of Being Normal by Lisa Williamson.
  19. The Bone Clocks by David Mitchell.
  20. Coming Out Like a Porn Star by Jiz Lee.
  21. Monsters by Sharon Dogar.
  22. King of Scars by Leigh Bardugo
  23. The Song of Achilles by Madeline Miller.
  24. Red, White, and Royal Blue by Casey McQuiston.
  25. The Noughts And Crosses series by Malorie Blackman.
  26. The Book Thief by Markus Zusak.
  27. The Paper Magician by Charlie N. Holmberg.
  28. Capturing the Devil by Kerri Maniscalco.
  29. The Testaments by Margaret Atwood.
Link to article
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2020.06.03 11:17 OnceIWasKovic House of Cards actors in Homeland

Re-watching the series and making a random list, are there any other HoC actors on the show? So far I've got:
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2020.06.01 02:48 Cuddlyaxe How the Emus won the war but lost the peace - War and Diplomacy is IR Studies

"War. War never changes" - The Fallout Series

War and peace. Two concepts as old as time itself. From the very beginning man has waged war upon his neighbors to gain what he has not. To loot his tribal neighbours of their women, money and resources.
After man gathered up into society war was no longer mere tribal squabbles but rather mere national squabbles. At first feudal realms took arms upon one another to expand the territory of their lord. Then came nationalism, when the citizenry themselves demanded war against the enemy, for pride, for glory, for territory or just for flat out revenge.
Yet while it is important to win the war, it is equally important to win the peace. Many nations have learned the hard way as their military victories make way for subpar treaties.
To examples which come to mind was Italy after WW1 and Japan after the Russo Japanese war.
Italy joined WW1 under the promises that they would get their claimed territory from Austria. However, after bleeding for victory, Italy was only provided with some of their promised territory. This created much anger among the populace and eventually lead to the rise of one Bald Pasta Man.
Japan meanwhile soundly defeated the Russians in the Russo Japanese war. However, the great powers stepped in and offered to play mediator and forced Japan to drop many of their demands. Despite a tremendous causality count and decisive victories, all the mediators allowed them at the peace table was Sakhalin island. This caused mass outrage over Japan for such terms and caused riots all over the country
However, there is one example of winning the war and losing the peace that makes these examples look like child's play

“The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting.” - Sun Tzu, The Art of War

The Emus were an indigenous migratory tribe located in Australia who's lands were increasingly being encroached upon by European Colonialists. The Emus, while initially peaceful to the encroachers, had begun to grow increasingly tired and started raiding the farmlands in Western Australia in a form of economic warfare - hoping that the economic damage they cause would encourage the new, sedentary foreigners to leave the area.
However, the colonialists decided that these economic losses were unacceptable.

"The die has been cast" - Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus

The Australian government, concerned with the increasing number of raids on their new economic encroachements in the west, decided something had to be done. They raised an army and sent it to the West, expecting an easy war, promising their troops they'd be "Home by Christmas"
The war hoever, was not an easy one.
The first assault by the Australian army on Emu territory occurred on November 2nd. The Australians initially caught the Emu's by surprise and ambushed a small group of Emus of around 50. The Emus responded by splitting up and fleeing to ensure that they could not all be targetted. On November 4th, the Emus gathered in a larger group, of around a full thousand men, and engaged in a show of force to the Australian army. The Emus ran towards and past the Australian guns to show the Australians they had no fear of death in a form of psychological warfare which harkons to the Kamikaze attacks.
After this show of force, the Australians attempted to move their campaign further South
By now, tribal loyalties were being set aside by the Emus and they were abandoning their stateless tendancies. Whereas in traditional Emu society, members act as equals, soon enough, an officer corp started forming to ensure the security of proper populaces.
each pack seems to have its own leader now – a big black-plumed bird which stands fully six feet high and keeps watch while his mates carry out their work of destruction and warns them of our approach
The Emu tribes began consolidating under these new officers who they themselves pledged loyalty to unite under an especially charismatic officer. The first leader of the Emu Confederacy.
The Emu Command, realizing that they were technologically outmatched realized that they had a few advantages over the Australians:
  1. Knowledge of the terrain
  2. Superior strategic and tactical planning capabilities
  3. Superior speed
  4. Superior body armor technologies
Therefore, the Emu Command ordered what is perhaps one of the earliest guerilla warfare campaigns in modern history. They ordered their local units to engage in hit and run attacks, guerilla warfare, asymmetrical warfare while continuing attacks on Australian farms as a sort of total war.
To quote Dominic Serventy
The machine-gunners' dreams of point blank fire into serried masses of Emus were soon dissipated. The Emu command had evidently ordered guerrilla tactics, and its unwieldy army soon split up into innumerable small units that made use of the military equipment uneconomic.
The Australian Army proceeded to withdraw, with Major Meredith, the leader of the Australian unit deployed, even singing the praises of the enemy
If we had a military division with the bullet-carrying capacity of these birds it would face any army in the world ... They can face machine guns with the invulnerability of tanks. They are like Zulus whom even dum-dum bullets could not stop
However, while military defeat was inevitable, politicians back in the capital of Australia would not approve the decision and the war dragged on to December 2nd, when the war finally ended

“It is not enough to win a war; it is more important to organize the peace.” - Aristotle

The Emus had won the war, but now what? While some Emus wanted to push their victory to completely expell all foreigners from their homeland and others wanted to create a centralized state of Emus which can stand up to Australian aggression, these voices were ignored.
In fact, there is no known approach of the Australians by the Emu command, Instead the Emu Command, as brilliant as they were in the field of battle, simply allowed the Emu Confederacy to dissolve and the Emus to return to their tribalistic, stateless ways.
From a realist perspective, the Emu Confederacy had won enough political capital on the battlefield to demand at the very least full recognition of the state. They could have also centralized to stand up to future Australan attacks, but alas, they did not. The men with guns had left, so the Emu Command sent out a message that the war was over and had ended in a Status Quo Ante Bellum, and the Emus were free to return to their ways before the war.
Slowly but surely, the officer system instituted by the Emu Command dissolved and Emus returned to their nomadic lifestyles.
The brilliant officers produced by the Emu War was a stroke of luck. Some of the generals in the Emu Command are considered among the best in world history. Yet they did not build on their victory to ensure the future of their nation, rather they simply allowed a return to how things used to be, hoping the Australians would never again attack, or that if they did, that all this officers popping up would happen again
The Australians did attack again and this time, no officers popped up.
Just 2 years later, the Australians were back, this time with a particularly cruel method of warfare. They instituted a bounty system promising civilians cash in exchange for every Emu man, woman and child killed.
This brutal genocide was planned and ordered in cold blood and killed over 50,000 emus in a short 6 month period. To this day Australia refuses to recognize the genocide or even consider repatriations, rather it is pushed to the back of their history books.
Overall, it is important to remember that winning is not enough. Victory must be used to ensure security of the future
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2020.05.31 23:47 Cuddlyaxe How the Emus won the war but lost the peace - War and Diplomacy is IR Studies

"War. War never changes" - The Fallout Series

War and peace. Two concepts as old as time itself. From the very beginning man has waged war upon his neighbors to gain what he has not. To loot his tribal neighbours of their women, money and resources.
After man gathered up into society war was no longer mere tribal squabbles but rather mere national squabbles. At first feudal realms took arms upon one another to expand the territory of their lord. Then came nationalism, when the citizenry themselves demanded war against the enemy, for pride, for glory, for territory or just for flat out revenge.
Yet while it is important to win the war, it is equally important to win the peace. Many nations have learned the hard way as their military victories make way for subpar treaties.
To examples which come to mind was Italy after WW1 and Japan after the Russo Japanese war.
Italy joined WW1 under the promises that they would get their claimed territory from Austria. However, after bleeding for victory, Italy was only provided with some of their promised territory. This created much anger among the populace and eventually lead to the rise of one Bald Pasta Man.
Japan meanwhile soundly defeated the Russians in the Russo Japanese war. However, the great powers stepped in and offered to play mediator and forced Japan to drop many of their demands. Despite a tremendous causality count and decisive victories, all the mediators allowed them at the peace table was Sakhalin island. This caused mass outrage over Japan for such terms and caused riots all over the country
However, there is one example of winning the war and losing the peace that makes these examples look like child's play

“The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting.” - Sun Tzu, The Art of War

The Emus were an indigenous migratory tribe located in Australia who's lands were increasingly being encroached upon by European Colonialists. The Emus, while initially peaceful to the encroachers, had begun to grow increasingly tired and started raiding the farmlands in Western Australia in a form of economic warfare - hoping that the economic damage they cause would encourage the new, sedentary foreigners to leave the area.
However, the colonialists decided that these economic losses were unacceptable.

"The die has been cast" - Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus

The Australian government, concerned with the increasing number of raids on their new economic encroachements in the west, decided something had to be done. They raised an army and sent it to the West, expecting an easy war, promising their troops they'd be "Home by Christmas"
The war hoever, was not an easy one.
The first assault by the Australian army on Emu territory occurred on November 2nd. The Australians initially caught the Emu's by surprise and ambushed a small group of Emus of around 50. The Emus responded by splitting up and fleeing to ensure that they could not all be targetted. On November 4th, the Emus gathered in a larger group, of around a full thousand men, and engaged in a show of force to the Australian army. The Emus ran towards and past the Australian guns to show the Australians they had no fear of death in a form of psychological warfare which harkons to the Kamikaze attacks.
After this show of force, the Australians attempted to move their campaign further South
By now, tribal loyalties were being set aside by the Emus and they were abandoning their stateless tendancies. Whereas in traditional Emu society, members act as equals, soon enough, an officer corp started forming to ensure the security of proper populaces.
each pack seems to have its own leader now – a big black-plumed bird which stands fully six feet high and keeps watch while his mates carry out their work of destruction and warns them of our approach
The Emu tribes began consolidating under these new officers who they themselves pledged loyalty to unite under an especially charismatic officer. The first leader of the Emu Confederacy.
The Emu Command, realizing that they were technologically outmatched realized that they had a few advantages over the Australians:
  1. Knowledge of the terrain
  2. Superior strategic and tactical planning capabilities
  3. Superior speed
  4. Superior body armor technologies
Therefore, the Emu Command ordered what is perhaps one of the earliest guerilla warfare campaigns in modern history. They ordered their local units to engage in hit and run attacks, guerilla warfare, asymmetrical warfare while continuing attacks on Australian farms as a sort of total war.
To quote Dominic Serventy
The machine-gunners' dreams of point blank fire into serried masses of Emus were soon dissipated. The Emu command had evidently ordered guerrilla tactics, and its unwieldy army soon split up into innumerable small units that made use of the military equipment uneconomic.
The Australian Army proceeded to withdraw, with Major Meredith, the leader of the Australian unit deployed, even singing the praises of the enemy
If we had a military division with the bullet-carrying capacity of these birds it would face any army in the world ... They can face machine guns with the invulnerability of tanks. They are like Zulus whom even dum-dum bullets could not stop
However, while military defeat was inevitable, politicians back in the capital of Australia would not approve the decision and the war dragged on to December 2nd, when the war finally ended

“It is not enough to win a war; it is more important to organize the peace.” - Aristotle

The Emus had won the war, but now what? While some Emus wanted to push their victory to completely expell all foreigners from their homeland and others wanted to create a centralized state of Emus which can stand up to Australian aggression, these voices were ignored.
In fact, there is no known approach of the Australians by the Emu command, Instead the Emu Command, as brilliant as they were in the field of battle, simply allowed the Emu Confederacy to dissolve and the Emus to return to their tribalistic, stateless ways.
From a realist perspective, the Emu Confederacy had won enough political capital on the battlefield to demand at the very least full recognition of the state. They could have also centralized to stand up to future Australan attacks, but alas, they did not. The men with guns had left, so the Emu Command sent out a message that the war was over and had ended in a Status Quo Ante Bellum, and the Emus were free to return to their ways before the war.
Slowly but surely, the officer system instituted by the Emu Command dissolved and Emus returned to their nomadic lifestyles.
The brilliant officers produced by the Emu War was a stroke of luck. Some of the generals in the Emu Command are considered among the best in world history. Yet they did not build on their victory to ensure the future of their nation, rather they simply allowed a return to how things used to be, hoping the Australians would never again attack, or that if they did, that all this officers popping up would happen again
The Australians did attack again and this time, no officers popped up.
Just 2 years later, the Australians were back, this time with a particularly cruel method of warfare. They instituted a bounty system promising civilians cash in exchange for every Emu man, woman and child killed.
This brutal genocide was planned and ordered in cold blood and killed over 50,000 emus in a short 6 month period. To this day Australia refuses to recognize the genocide or even consider repatriations, rather it is pushed to the back of their history books.
Overall, it is important to remember that winning is not enough. Victory must be used to ensure security of the future
submitted by Cuddlyaxe to NonCredibleDefense [link] [comments]


2020.05.11 23:20 Cuddlyaxe How the Emus won the war but lost the peace - War and Diplomacy is IR Studies

"War. War never changes" - The Fallout Series

War and peace. Two concepts as old as time itself. From the very beginning man has waged war upon his neighbors to gain what he has not. To loot his tribal neighbours of their women, money and resources.
After man gathered up into society war was no longer mere tribal squabbles but rather mere national squabbles. At first feudal realms took arms upon one another to expand the territory of their lord. Then came nationalism, when the citizenry themselves demanded war against the enemy, for pride, for glory, for territory or just for flat out revenge.
Yet while it is important to win the war, it is equally important to win the peace. Many nations have learned the hard way as their military victories make way for subpar treaties.
To examples which come to mind was Italy after WW1 and Japan after the Russo Japanese war.
Italy joined WW1 under the promises that they would get their claimed territory from Austria. However, after bleeding for victory, Italy was only provided with some of their promised territory. This created much anger among the populace and eventually lead to the rise of one Bald Pasta Man.
Japan meanwhile soundly defeated the Russians in the Russo Japanese war. However, the great powers stepped in and offered to play mediator and forced Japan to drop many of their demands. Despite a tremendous causality count and decisive victories, all the mediators allowed them at the peace table was Sakhalin island. This caused mass outrage over Japan for such terms and caused riots all over the country
However, there is one example of winning the war and losing the peace that makes these examples look like child's play

“The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting.” - Sun Tzu, The Art of War

The Emus were an indigenous migratory tribe located in Australia who's lands were increasingly being encroached upon by European Colonialists. The Emus, while initially peaceful to the encroachers, had begun to grow increasingly tired and started raiding the farmlands in Western Australia in a form of economic warfare - hoping that the economic damage they cause would encourage the new, sedentary foreigners to leave the area.
However, the colonialists decided that these economic losses were unacceptable.

"The die has been cast" - Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus

The Australian government, concerned with the increasing number of raids on their new economic encroachements in the west, decided something had to be done. They raised an army and sent it to the West, expecting an easy war, promising their troops they'd be "Home by Christmas"
The war hoever, was not an easy one.
The first assault by the Australian army on Emu territory occurred on November 2nd. The Australians initially caught the Emu's by surprise and ambushed a small group of Emus of around 50. The Emus responded by splitting up and fleeing to ensure that they could not all be targetted. On November 4th, the Emus gathered in a larger group, of around a full thousand men, and engaged in a show of force to the Australian army. The Emus ran towards and past the Australian guns to show the Australians they had no fear of death in a form of psychological warfare which harkons to the Kamikaze attacks.
After this show of force, the Australians attempted to move their campaign further South
By now, tribal loyalties were being set aside by the Emus and they were abandoning their stateless tendancies. Whereas in traditional Emu society, members act as equals, soon enough, an officer corp started forming to ensure the security of proper populaces.
each pack seems to have its own leader now – a big black-plumed bird which stands fully six feet high and keeps watch while his mates carry out their work of destruction and warns them of our approach
The Emu tribes began consolidating under these new officers who they themselves pledged loyalty to unite under an especially charismatic officer. The first leader of the Emu Confederacy.
The Emu Command, realizing that they were technologically outmatched realized that they had a few advantages over the Australians:
  1. Knowledge of the terrain
  2. Superior strategic and tactical planning capabilities
  3. Superior speed
  4. Superior body armor technologies
Therefore, the Emu Command ordered what is perhaps one of the earliest guerilla warfare campaigns in modern history. They ordered their local units to engage in hit and run attacks, guerilla warfare, asymmetrical warfare while continuing attacks on Australian farms as a sort of total war.
To quote Dominic Serventy
The machine-gunners' dreams of point blank fire into serried masses of Emus were soon dissipated. The Emu command had evidently ordered guerrilla tactics, and its unwieldy army soon split up into innumerable small units that made use of the military equipment uneconomic.
The Australian Army proceeded to withdraw, with Major Meredith, the leader of the Australian unit deployed, even singing the praises of the enemy
If we had a military division with the bullet-carrying capacity of these birds it would face any army in the world ... They can face machine guns with the invulnerability of tanks. They are like Zulus whom even dum-dum bullets could not stop
However, while military defeat was inevitable, politicians back in the capital of Australia would not approve the decision and the war dragged on to December 2nd, when the war finally ended

“It is not enough to win a war; it is more important to organize the peace.” - Aristotle

The Emus had won the war, but now what? While some Emus wanted to push their victory to completely expell all foreigners from their homeland and others wanted to create a centralized state of Emus which can stand up to Australian aggression, these voices were ignored.
In fact, there is no known approach of the Australians by the Emu command, Instead the Emu Command, as brilliant as they were in the field of battle, simply allowed the Emu Confederacy to dissolve and the Emus to return to their tribalistic, stateless ways.
From a realist perspective, the Emu Confederacy had won enough political capital on the battlefield to demand at the very least full recognition of the state. They could have also centralized to stand up to future Australan attacks, but alas, they did not. The men with guns had left, so the Emu Command sent out a message that the war was over and had ended in a Status Quo Ante Bellum, and the Emus were free to return to their ways before the war.
Slowly but surely, the officer system instituted by the Emu Command dissolved and Emus returned to their nomadic lifestyles.
The brilliant officers produced by the Emu War was a stroke of luck. Some of the generals in the Emu Command are considered among the best in world history. Yet they did not build on their victory to ensure the future of their nation, rather they simply allowed a return to how things used to be, hoping the Australians would never again attack, or that if they did, that all this officers popping up would happen again
The Australians did attack again and this time, no officers popped up.
Just 2 years later, the Australians were back, this time with a particularly cruel method of warfare. They instituted a bounty system promising civilians cash in exchange for every Emu man, woman and child killed.
This brutal genocide was planned and ordered in cold blood and killed over 50,000 emus in a short 6 month period. To this day Australia refuses to recognize the genocide or even consider repatriations, rather it is pushed to the back of their history books.
Overall, it is important to remember that winning is not enough. Victory must be used to ensure security of the future
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2020.03.08 03:45 Jalapeno_Lobster Book Recs with Trans Characters?

Hello, I'm hoping to read more books with trans (or other non-cis) characters. I've already read the following:
Also, feel free to recommend but I likely won't read anything by KJ Charles - she's a great author but for some reason, her writing style just doesn't work for me.
Thank you!
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2020.02.21 01:59 I_Brittad_It Books about LGBTQA+ characters to build empathy

My mother and I lately have had several deep discussions about our different opinions regarding social justice particularly in the LGBTQA+ community. She is not a huge reader, and she and I have different opinions about what types of books we enjoy to begin with, but I had the idea that if I could recommend her some books (maybe even buy a few and send them to her Kindle), maybe she could see life from their perspectives and gain some empathy that way. I know this is a long shot; these books likely will not change her mind overnight. She may never even read these books, but if she does, maybe we could at least have a conversation about the books. I was hoping you all could help me with my list.
Books that influenced my perspective of the trans experience that I would like to recommend to her:
Books that aren't necessarily about the queer community that I would still like to recommend to her because they had a profound or important effect on me:
Books I'll likely recommend because I think she actually might like some of these:
My mom
Thanks for reading all this, and thanks in advance for any suggestions!
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2020.02.12 12:56 spidernerd0862 Do y'all know any good LGBTQIA+ YA Novels?

If been reading a lot of gay or trans ya novels over the last few weeks, and it has finally gotten to the point where I've read every book my friends recommended to me, and I'm kinda desperate for more, so if you know any good books I'd appreciate it if you would recommend them to me. A few of the books I read are: The Becky Albertalli "series" (Simon Vs the homo sapiens agenda, What if it's us, ...), If I was your girl by Meredith Russo, A Jack of hearts (and other parts) by Lev AC Rosen, I'm a gay wizard by V. S. Santoni and a few more
submitted by spidernerd0862 to teenagers [link] [comments]


2020.01.05 01:59 ryu289 Well this is amusing...

https://donotlink.it/l76QN
Travis Lee Stroud, a transgender novelist also known as “Meredith Russo,” was exposed in 2016 as the alleged perpetrator of abuse against his/“her” ex-wife, Jennifer Marie Russo. Yet this record of accusations against Travis/“Meredith” was ignored by the literary community, which is devoted to promoting the transgender agenda, especially to children.
Sadly many literary writers shield abusers in general, not only because one is trans: https://www.chicagotribune.com/opinion/commentary/ct-perspec-accused-authors-classroom-20180514-story.html
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/9ak7y5/the-secret-authoritarian-history-of-science-fiction
submitted by ryu289 to BestOfOutrageCulture [link] [comments]


2019.12.25 19:34 IizCommunistPotato Kindle is actually respecting Meredith Russo's pronouns

Kindle is actually respecting Meredith Russo's pronouns submitted by IizCommunistPotato to lgbt [link] [comments]


2019.12.20 06:13 jmp3r96 I just finished reading 'If I Was Your Girl' by Meredith Russo and now I'm on the verge of crying... I know the book isn't solely about wlw, but it really captures what it's like to be trans better than any other book I've read or movie/TV show I've watched to date! I highly recommend it to anyone!

That's said, what are your favorite books involving queer, female lead characters? Also, if anyone wants to discuss the book, I'm more than happy to mark this as a spoiler so people can enjoy the book start to finish ☺️
submitted by jmp3r96 to actuallesbians [link] [comments]


2019.12.16 21:56 nuwutella Has anyone read “If I Was Your Girl” by Meredith Russo?

My local library has a copy and I’ve tried reading it a few times (I love trans fiction) but every time I do I feel a deep sadness in me. The book features a teenage trans girl at a new school and among other things her first love. I never got to have those experiences and I’ll probably never pass, be stealth or find love with someone who sees me as a girl/woman, and all I feel when reading it is a deep sense of envy and despair. It makes me feel really immature and petty, like I can’t appreciate a story about a narrative different from my own. Anyways just wondering if anyone else can relate to this feeling...
submitted by nuwutella to MtF [link] [comments]


2019.11.04 00:21 LGBTQLiterature November 4th: Birthday by Meredith Russo

Birthday was a blast to read. It was lighthearted and tons of fun. Birthday follows two kids: Eric and Morgen who happen to be close friends and share the same birthday. In the story we see them grow up over the course of 6 years starting when they’re 12 as Russo tells us what happens on their shared Birthday each year while catching us up to what happened during that year. We’ve got some romance, heartbreak, and it’s genuinely just cute and heartwarming seeing these kids grows up.
Genre: Young Adult Contemporary
Our representation is: Transgender women Morgen is trans and that’s no secret. She deals with this a lot as she grows up closeted. It reflected honestly a lot of my life and how I dealt with my discovery that I was transgender, which I loved. So bonus points there.
Trigger warnings: suicide. It’s a young adult book with Transgender themes. frankly I’ve yet to find one without suicide.
Rating 4.5/5 It’s not perfect, but Russo caught a completely different way to telling a story and managed to follow through on that idea. Plus it was a lot of fun and handled it’s representation incredibly well.
submitted by LGBTQLiterature to u/LGBTQLiterature [link] [comments]


2019.10.26 06:14 ksuvts2 book suggestion

one book that i really liked was Birthday by Meredith Russo, i’ve been thinking about how good it was since i read it, idk i love it so much
submitted by ksuvts2 to booksuggestions [link] [comments]


2019.10.22 16:00 Anonymous_1-2-3-4-5 MCU Movies Behind the Scenes Facts *Wanted to do this for fun* Captain Marvel *UPDATED*

Continuing my MCU Behind the Scenes Facts posts with an updated Ant-Man and the Wasp, Captain Marvel, Avengers Endgame and Spider-Man Far From Home and will continue to do these in the future
All links to MCU Behind the Scenes facts

CAPTAIN MARVEL


1. The cutout character that Vers shoots in the Blockbuster store was originally supposed to be The Mask (1994), with Vers mistaking the green face for a Skrull, but the filmmakers couldn't secure the rights.

2. When Stan Lee makes his cameo, he is seen reading the script for Kevin Smith's Mallrats (1995) and reciting the line, "Trust me true believer". As revealed on Smith's YouTube page, Stan's health was in decline and he could not muster his trademark enthusiasm so the producers looped in Lee's unused audio from Mallrats.

3. Goose is played by four different very professional cat actors named Reggie, Rizzo, Gonzo, and Archie.

4. Brie Larson is allergic to cats, so her scenes involving Goose were filmed with a puppet or computer-generated VFX.

5. Stan Lee passed away while they were editing the film and the folks at Marvel put together the special opening logo to honor him.

6. In the comics, Captain Marvel's cat is named Chewie, after Chewbacca from Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope (1977). In this film, it was named Goose after Goose Bradshaw from Top Gun (1986).

7. Samuel L. Jackson improvised checking out the Skrull's junk beneath the sheet.

8. Project PEGASUS stands for "Potential Energy Group/Alternate Sources/United States." It was previously mentioned in The Avengers (2012).

9. The security guard Captain Marvel speaks to at the beginning of the movie is Marvel security director Barry Curtis.

10. While Monica Rambeau is choosing a new color for Carol Danvers' suit, we can see many references: a red and yellow suit (the colors worn by DC's Captain Marvel, currently known as Shazam) a black and golden suit (the colors of Carol Danver's Ms. Marvel suit) and a white and green suit (the classic Kree armor suit colors in the comics)

11. In February 2019, Marvel launched the official website of the film which emulates design from the 1990s, including HTML frames, a mix of rainbow fonts, pixelated GIFs, a hit counter, a guestbook, and a low-resolution trailer framed inside a window resembling Real Player.

12. When Larson showed up on set to film the post credits scene, she got a redacted script page with everything blacked out except for her own line. There were no actors present. The crew couldn't even tell her to whom she was speaking. The other actors filmed it seperately. Brie Larson was digitally inserted into the scene afterwards.

13. In the movie Carol refers to Monica as "Lieutenant Trouble". In the comics, Lieutenant Trouble (a young girl named Kit Renner) was Captain Marvel's biggest fan and later on became her friend.

14. Both Marvel and DC had a superhero named Captain Marvel, the DC version being better known as Shazam. After lengthy legal proceedings, Marvel won but in order to retain their copyright, they required to publish Captain Marvel comic books. Not being a popular, money-making character, Marvel fulfilled this requirement by publishing a series of one-off comic books over a series of years. Also as part of the deal, the DC version was not allowed to use the same character name on the cover, so the title is Shazam after Captain Marvel's (Billy Batson's) catchphrase SHAZAM which is also the name of his mentor.

15. There were concerns that Brie Larson was too young to portray a pilot. Screenwriter Nicole Perlman consulted with the U.S. Air Force, who said it was possible for someone between twenty-eight and thirty-four to become an accomplished pilot like Danvers.

16. Jude Law took counsel from his Sherlock Holmes (2009) co-star Robert Downey Jr., who plays Iron Man in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, on appearing in this movie. Law stated, "He talked a little bit about how making a Marvel Cinematic Universe movie is fitting this one piece into a bigger picture, and giving yourself over to that. It's not about trying to understand everything. Just do your piece."

17. The name "Captain Marvel" is never spoken in the film, and is not seen in print until the closing credits.

18. Fury's ID showed him having only level 3 clearance at the time.

19. To prepare for her role as Captain Marvel, Brie Larson trained for four hours a day over nine months, learning judo, boxing, and wrestling. She also visited Nellis Air Force Base and met with active duty airmen, including Brigadier General Jeannie Leavitt and Thunderbirds pilot Major Stephen Del Bagno, who died in a crash and whom the movie pays tribute in the credits. He, and other members of the unit, had given Brie Larson the callsign "Sparrow".

20. (At around 20 mins) Vers' scream back at the growling Skrull, was devised on set. They loved the idea of small pieces of her humanity crack through even before she realizes she's a human.

21. In the film, Talos claims that all Skrulls are shapeshifters. However, in the comics, Talos is one of the few Skrulls who is unable to shapeshift.

22. Pinar Toprak signed on to compose the film's score, making her the first woman to score an MCU film.

23. This film is set in the 1990s, and serves as a prequel tale for established Marvel Cinematic Universe characters Nick Fury, Phil Coulson, Korath the Pursuer, and Ronan the Accuser.

24. Samuel L. Jackson described this version of Nick Fury as a desk jockey with two good eyes, who has not yet become cynical towards bureaucracy.

25. Fury mentions that he likes to operate in locations that start with the letter "B" because he can make them rhyme. In Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Alexander Pierce talks about a rescue mission that Fury initiated, against orders, in Bogotá.

26. Fury says no one calls him "Nick." In the MCU films that take place later in the timeline, Tony Stark and Agent Maria Hill both call him "Nick."

27. The older lady's stunt double during the train fight is Heidi Moneymaker. Larson's stunt double is Renae Moneymaker. "So there are two sisters fighting each other for a lot of this sequence."

28. Most songs featured in the movie are sung by 90s female singers; Des'Ree [You Gotta Be], No Doubt [Just a Girl], Garbage [I'm Only Happy When It Rains], TLC [Waterfalls], Salt-N-Pepa [Whatta Man], among others.

29. The Nine Inch Nails (NIN) t-shirt worn by Carol is a bootleg. According to Rob Sheridan, the band's former art director, the rectangle surrounding the NIN wordmark should be the same width as the typography found in the logo. Marvel subsequently reached out to Nine Inch Nails, and an official NIN t-shirt commemorating Captain Marvel became available.

30. The film was the first from the Marvel Cinematic Universe to have a female lead and it was released in cinemas on International Women's Day.

31. On Nick Fury's ID card his birthday is seen to be the 4th of July, 1950, which makes him 45 years old in this film. In real life, Samuel Jackson was born on December 21, 1948.

32. This was the twenty-first film to be released by Marvel Studios for the Marvel Cinematic Universe.

33. Jamie McKelvie, who designed Carol's Captain Marvel suit in the comics (used starting in 2012), praised the movie costume for closely adhering to his work.

34. The film featured the cinematic debut of the Marvel alien race the Skrulls. In the comic books, the Skrull made their debut in a "Fantastic Four" adventure.

35. Ben Mendelsohn was called 'Ben Mendelskrull' when he was in his prosthetic make-up.

36. A nod to the original character is Captain Marvel's combat helmet she wears during her missions and in outer space. The helmet features the iconic mohawk haircut Captain Marvel was often portrayed wearing in the comics. There was some debate among fans regarding Brie Larson's hairstyle, with many fans claiming it is too long and not similar enough to the usual short hairstyle Captain Marvel has in the comics.

37. Maria Rambeau's pilot call sign is Photon. In the comics her daughter Monica Rambeau gained superpowers similar to Captain Marvel and briefly took on the title of Photon (She had other titles too - Captain Marvel, Pulsar, Spectrum).

38. As a large portion of this film is set in space, and presumably because the Kree use similar technology; the iconography of location displays (font, coordinates) within the film when shown on screen is very similar, if not identical, to the location displays from the Guardians of the Galaxy films.

39. The filmmakers cited 1990s action movies as an influence on the film's action, in keeping with the era in which the film is set.

40. This film is based on the "Kree-Skrull War" storyline, which was written by Roy Thomas and published in The Avengers issues 89-97 between June 1971 and March 1972. Carol Danvers only had a small role in the story, before she received her superhuman abilities (in 1977).

41. Quantum physicist Spyridon Michalakis, of the Institute for Quantum Information and Matter at the California Institute of Technology, was consulted on the film.

42. The Skrull makeup took two hours to apply.

43. Most of the quad jet is vfx, but the front/cockpit is a practical piece that they had to share with Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

44. This film marked the second directing pair in the Marvel Cinematic Universe after the Russo Brothers (Joe Russo and Anthony Russo), this time Ryan Fleck and Anna Boden.

45. The special key that Vers pulls from her suit to connect with 1990s tech and communicate back home is later a part of the pager that she gives to Nick Fury

46. This was the first film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe to be released after Stan Lee's death.

47. The film takes place in 1995.

48. The filmmakers used real-world animal biology, particularly octopus videos as reference for the look of the Skrull transformations.

49. While in the classified file room there were a couple of boxes with the name Kevin Larosa clearly behind Carol. Kevin Larosa Sr. is the stunt aerial coordinator in the movie.

50. The filmmakers debated which was more 90s , "fresh" or "dope", and finally decided they were equally correct and then went with "fresh."

51. This was the first solo female-led movie in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Ant-Man and the Wasp (2018), released the year before, was led by a male-female superhero duo.

52. Katheryn Winnick, Natalie Dormer, Emily Blunt, Katee Sackhoff, Yvonne Strahovski, and Rebecca Ferguson were rumored for the title role.

53. Nicole Perlman previously wrote the first draft of Guardians of the Galaxy (2014).

54. Despite the fact that this movie takes place before, and was released before, Avengers: Endgame (2019), it was actually filmed after the latter.

55. Movies listed as references include Gimme Shelter (1970), Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004), The French Connection (1971), The Conversation (1974), The Godfather (1972), Star Wars (1977), and Top Gun (1986).

56. Keanu Reeves was almost cast as Yon-Rogg.

57. The movie is not a traditional origin story, as the heroine already possesses her powers when the film starts.

58. (At 17 mins.) The memory shot of the Skrull approaching the camera, shifts very briefly to a more humanoid form to tease the later reveal that the person in that memory is actually Yon-Rogg.

59. Some have interpreted Talos drinking the milkshake as a nod to Pulp Fiction (1994), but it's actually a reference to Reservoir Dogs (1992).

60. The trailer received about one hundred nine million views worldwide in its first twenty-four hours of release.

61. While this isn't the first movie with a female superhero, it is the first to be written primarily by women. Supergirl (1984), Catwoman (2004), Elektra (2005), and Wonder Woman (2017) were written by men. The closest was Catwoman (2004), which gave a writing credit to Theresa Rebeck. However, that movie also had three male writers credited.

62. This film is NOT the chronological introduction of the Kree race. In Season 5 of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (2013), the agents were kidnapped, taken into the future and held captive by the Kree. However, the alien corpse from which the TAHITI project sprang in earlier season was Kree. The Kree also appear in "Guardians of the Galaxy" (specifically, Ronan the Accuser).

63. When Vers/Captain Marvel is looking around the bar and remembering past experiences there, she notices the arcade cabinet for a Street Fighter video game. Since the release of X-Men vs. Street Fighter (1996) in 1996, one year after the year this movie is set, Capcom has published fighting video games that pit their characters against Marvel superheroes. However, Captain Marvel did not appear in any of them until Marvel vs. Capcom: Infinite (2017), released in 2017.

64. When Brie Larson was announced at the end of the San Diego Comic-Con for Marvel's panel, she took part in a photo selfie with the cast and crew of Doctor Strange (2016), Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017), Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017), and Black Panther (2018).

65. The movie was announced at a Marvel event in October 2014.

66. This is the second prequel of the MCU after Captain America: The First Avenger (2011).

67. The pinball machine that one of the Skrull children has been mastering for the last six years is Bally/Midway's Space Invaders.

68. This is the first Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures-distributed film not to stream on Netflix, after Disney decided to let their licensing deal with Netflix expire. Disney plans on releasing this movie on their subscription service, Disney+.

69. One of the pieces of communication equipment that Carol salvages for parts is a Nintendo Game Boy.

70. Roy Thomas, writer of the comic, declared that his plan for the Kree-Skrull war was one that would turn planet Earth into "the cosmic equivalent of some Pacific island during World War II".

71. Brie Larson (Carol Danvers) and Nelson Franklin, the medical examiner, both starred in Scott Pilgrim vs. the World (2010). Brie Larson played Envy Adams and Nelson Franklin played Comeau.

72. Brie Larson and Samuel L. Jackson both previously appeared in the films Farce of the Penguins (2006), Unicorn Store (2017), and Kong: Skull Island (2017).

73. This second film in the MCU to have Pulp Fiction references since Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014). In this film, there's a shot of Phil Coulson and Nick Fury in the car which is the same shot of John Travolta and Samuel L. Jackson, the cup Talos sips on is a reference to Pulp Fiction (1994) when Jackson's character, Jules Winfield, borrows a cup to wash down the burger. And the opening of the glowing lunchbox references the briefcase. In CA:TWS, on Nick Fury's tombstone, there's a scripture that says, "The path of the righteous man Ezekiel 25:17" which Winfield recited in Pulp Fiction.

74. This is the second Marvel film to feature a main character (protagonist/antagonist) who is a U.S. service academy graduate but the first to explicitly show that character's time as a cadet/midshipman on screen. Whist Erik Killmonger's time at the United States Naval Academy is only alluded to in Black Panther (2018), revealing that he commissioned from Annapolis at the age of 19 (presumably as a U.S. Navy SEAL officer), this film includes a clip of Carol Danvers attempting to complete an obstacle course as a Basic Cadet during Second Beast (pre-Fall Semester boot camp for first-year students) at the United States Air Force Academy. It's also worth noting that she is not the first Air Force grad to grace the MCU screen as James Rhodes (War Machine) has been known to sport a USAFA grad ring on one of his fingers.

75. Nick Fury refers to Hannibal Lecter, a character made famous by Anthony Hopkins, who has appeared in the MCU multiple times as Odin.

76. This film marked Jude Law's debut in the Marvel Cinematic Universe as the Kree named Yon-Rogg. Law previously starred in Sherlock Holmes (2009) as Dr. John Watson, appearing alongside Robert Downey Jr. as Sherlock Holmes and Rachel McAdams as Irene Adler. Downey Jr. is also part of the cast of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, having played Tony Stark since his role in Iron Man (2008); Rachel McAdams is a part of the MCU as Dr. Christine Palmer in Doctor Strange (2016). The cast of the MCU now also includes Martin Freeman and Benedict Cumberbatch, who also played Watson and Holmes in Sherlock (2010).

77. Gemma Chan is the tenth actress/actor from "Doctor Who" to appear in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, after Toby Jones (Captain America: The First Avenger (2011)), Talulah Riley (Thor: The Dark World), Jenna Coleman and David Bradley (Captain America: The First Avenger (2011)), Christopher Eccleston (Thor: The Dark World (2013)), Tony Curran (Thor: The Dark World (2013)), Karen Gillan (Guardians of the Galaxy (2014), Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017), Avengers: Infinity War (2018) and Avengers: Endgame (2019)), Peter Serafinowicz (Guardians of the Galaxy (2014)), and Riann Steele (Ant-Man and the Wasp (2018)). \David Tennant was also in Doctor Who and the MCU, playing the Tenth Doctor in the Doctor Who Series and playing Kilgrave in Jessica Jones on Netflix\**

78. The official trailer for the film was released on Good Morning America on Tuesday, September 18, 2018. This is the United States Air Forces' birthday (September 18, 1947.)

79. Elizabeth Wood, Emily Carmichael, Rachel Talalay, Niki Caro, Lesli Linka Glatter, Lorene Scafaria, and Rebecca Thomas were on the short list to direct the movie.

80. One of two 2019 theatrical releases in which a VHS copy of the film The Right Stuff (1983) appears. Us (2019) is the other.

81. The colors of the experimental airplane Carol flies are the same as those of the Colonial Vipers from BATTLESTAR GALACTICA and the X-wings from the original STAR WARS trilogy.

82. Captain Marvel (Carol Danvers) in the Marvel Universe and Supergirl (Kara Danvers) in the DC universe share the same surname; Danvers. Kara Danvers was adopted by the Danvers family. Both have similar superhuman powers.

83. Both Ben Mendelsohn (as Orson Krennic) and Samuel L. Jackson (as Mace Windu) star in Star Wars franchise.

84. The name of the character Yon-Rogg is not spoken until the bottom of the second act, leaving only about 45 minutes left of the film.

85. One of two films released in 2019 based on a Marvel comic, set in the 1990s, and featuring shape-shifting aliens as characters. Dark Phoenix is the other.

86. DeWanda Wise was set for the role of Maria Rambeau in this movie before dropping out due to scheduling conflicts.

87. This film features one Best Actress Oscar winner: Brie Larson, for the film Room (2015).

88. Minn-Erva, a Kree played by Gemma Chan, is also known in the Marvel Comics universe as Doctor Minerva. Anna Boden and Ryan Fleck's earlier film It's Kind of a Funny Story (2010) also featured a character named Dr. Minerva.

89. Brie Larson and Clark Gregg both previously starred in the film Hoot (2006), where they played adversaries, of sorts.

90. Ronda Rousey had expressed interest in playing the title role.

91. Jennifer Kent and Jennifer Yuh Nelson were in the running to direct to the film.

92. Annette Bening, Samuel L. Jackson, and Jude Law are all Academy Awards nominees for acting.

93. Captain Marvel blasted up the movie poster "True Lies". Bill Paxton play Simon in True Lies and also played John Garrett in Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (which could result to be a universe-paradox, like Samuel Jackson playing Nick Fury in the MCU and also Mace Windu in Star Wars, which are mentioned that exist in the MCU)

94. CAMEO: Kelly Sue DeConnick: Captain Marvel writer (from 2012-2015), as a bystander in the train station who looks at Carol.

95. Nick Fury tells Goose, "I'm trusting you not to eat me," towards the end of the movie. Shortly afterwards, Goose scratches Fury, causing him to lose his left eye as he is seen at the very end with a patch over his left eye. This is a callback to Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014) where Fury tells Captain America, "Last time I trusted someone, I lost an eye."

96. Lee Pace reprises his role as Ronan the Accuser in this film. However, he does not wear his iconic face paint of Xandarian blood because this movie precedes Guardians of the Galaxy (2014) wherein he first applies it.

97. The filmmakers discussed various options as to how Fury would realize that Keller was actually a Skrull named Talos before settling on the man referring to him as Nicholas. Boden's favorite had Fury point out to Keller that his shoe was untied and then have Keller wholly unaware as to how to tie it.

98. Carol Danvers' pilot call sign is "Avenger" in the film, which Nick Fury names the heroes he founds to protect the Earth. In the comics, Danvers took the call sign "Cheeseburger".

99. The twist of the Skrulls turning out not to be the villains is not too far-fetched since in the comics, it is revealed that the Kree were the ones that started their war.

100. Samuel L. Jackson (Nick Fury) and Clark Gregg (Phil Coulson) were digitally de-aged in order for their characters to look like their younger selves, since the movie is set in 1995. This was the first time Marvel did de-aging of characters for an entire movie. They previously used this tactic in Ant-Man (2015), Captain America: Civil War (2016), Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017), and Ant-Man and the Wasp (2018), but only for flashback scenes. They also did it to Tony Stark when he was presenting to his college with his parents right before they died.

101. Carol's powers came from an exploding Pegasus ship engine. We later learn the engine was powered by the Tesseract, making Captain Marvel the first (chronologically) MCU hero whose powers are derived from an Infinity Stone. (The space stone is hidden within it.) Wanda Maximov/Scarlet Witch and her brother, Pietro/Quicksilver, would become the second two (the Mind stone), followed by Vision (also the Mind Stone)

102. When portraying the alien Skrull Talos, Ben Mendelsohn used his native Australian accent. When Talos adopts a human disguise, Mendelsohn used an American accent.

103. Throughout the history of Marvel Comics, eight different characters have taken the name "Captain Marvel." This movie features three of them: Carol Danvers (the most famous version, previously known as Ms Marvel), Mar-Vell (the original version, a Kree alien and superhero) and Monica Rambeau (who briefly carried the title of Captain Marvel).

104. The final fight with Yon-Rogg was originally scripted as a brawl that Carol wins, but through production they came to realize she should no longer be playing by his rules.

105. The mid-credits scene was directed by the Russo brothers, who previously directed Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Captain America: Civil War (2016), Avengers: Infinity War (2018), and Avengers: Endgame (2019).

106. There are two post-credit scenes in this film. One sets up Avengers: Endgame (2019), and the other finishes off Captain Marvel.

107. Carol cannot breathe in space without the helmet, which comes out of her suit. However, when she unlocks her full power, she is able to 'breathe'/survive without a helmet, as shown in the climax of the film.

108. The film is based on Captain Marvel/Ms. Marvel/Carol Danvers, a pilot who gains her super powers during an incident with an alien craft, but her origin incorporates the alien Captain Marvel's, Walter Lawson/Mar-Vell and Khn'nr. Both Kree and Skrull soldiers who come to Earth and decide to defend it. Furthermore, Khn'nr had his memory tampered with which causes him to suffer from an identity crisis, which Carol suffers in this film.

109. In the comics Mar-Vell was a male Kree who was caught in an explosion while rescuing Carol Danvers and the explosion passed his powers onto her by imprinting his DNA onto hers. In the movie this is changed slightly by Mar-Vell being a female Kree who built the core that gave Carol her powers when it exploded. This marks the fourth time in the Marvel Cinematic Universe that the character portrayed in the film/TV series is the opposite gender of the original version from the comics. The first was Jeri Hogarth in Jessica Jones the third was the Ancient One in Doctor Strange (2016) and the fourth was Ghost in Ant-Man and the Wasp (2018).

110. This was the first chronological movie appearance of Agent Phil Coulson in the Marvel Cinematic Universe since he was stabbed and, apparently, killed by Loki, in The Avengers (2012). He was later revealed to have survived, as explained on the television show Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (2013).

111. Nick Fury's full name is given as Nicholas Joseph Fury. In Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014) he mentioned only the middle initial "J."

112. To act as an incubator of sorts, Goose swallows the Tesseract for safe transportation. This may be an homage to The Avengers (2012) in which Bruce Banner is approached by Natasha Romanov who briefs him about the Tesseract. His response to her is "What does Fury want me to do, swallow it?"

113. The use of Nirvana's "Come As You Are" when Vers (Brie Larson) confronts The Supreme Intelligence (Annette Bening) has multiple connotations, as it discusses memories, something Vers is slowly regaining over the course of the film. The song's title coincides with The Supreme Intelligence finally revealing herself as she is, in this case the "unknown enemy" and not the "friend."

114. Monica Rambeau talks about building a spaceship and flying up to space. Fury says she would need to glow like her Aunt Carol. This may foreshadow the story in a future Captain Marvel film. In the comics, Monica grows up, becomes charged by rays from space and can then fly at the speed of light.

115. Goose is first among everyone in the movie who touched the Tesseract. She checked it with her paw.

116. In the film, Mar-Vell is killed by Yon-Rogg while the destruction of an experimental engine powered by the Tesseract causes Danvers to gain cosmic powers. In the comics, Danvers got her powers from a similar event, a fight between Yon-Rogg and Mar-Vell, only then Mar-Vell survived and it was an alien device that grants superpowers.

117. In the film, Soh-Larr (Chuku Modu) is a Kree spy investigating the Skrulls. In the comics, he was the father of the first Kree-Skrull hybrid, Dorrek Supreme.

118. In Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (2013), Phil Coulson is resurrected using the biology of a Kree, in a project tagged "TAHITI".

119. They initially debated introducing Ronan as head of the Accuser assault ships during the attack on Torfa, but they eventually decided it would have more impact holding him until later. It also would have given away the Kree's true identity as the villains too soon.

120. In the finale, Carol puts her old Air Force flight jacket over her Captain Marvel costume. This is in keeping with the mid-1990s cliche of superheroes wearing "edgy" costumes which invariably included a leather flight jacket.

121. Dr Lawson (Mar-Vell) has brown hair in the film, while the Dr Lawson avatar the Supreme Intelligence uses has gray hair. This makes her resemble Phyla-Vell, in the comics Mar-Vell's daughter who briefly held the title of Captain Marvel, and took other names too (Quasar, Martyr).

122. The Tesseract (previously shown in Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), The Avengers (2012), Thor: Ragnarok (2017), and Avengers: Infinity War (2018)) appears in this movie.

123. In the comics, Yon-Rogg and Mar-Vell became enemies when Yon-Rogg betrayed Mar-Vell out of jealousy and inadvertently killed his girlfriend.

124. The film reveals how Nick Fury came up with the name for The Avengers when he first founded The Avengers initiative. Fury sees a photo of Carol Danvers when she was a fighter pilot and learns her call-sign was "Avenger".

125. Goose possesses human levels of intelligence (being an alien species known as Flerken). The most notable aspect is her clear sense of right and wrong. She easily warms up to both Carol and Fury, seeing past their hardened exteriors and into their innate goodness. She also purrs and rubs up against Talos's leg when the heroes (and the audience) still believe the Skrulls are the villains. Finally, she's able to recognize the Skrulls when they are disguised as Kree soldiers on Mar-Vell's ship.

126. The entire purpose of the opening dream imagery was to set up the mystery involving Vers' past and her connection with Dr. Wendy Lawson.

127. Yon-Rogg is the 5th MCU villain to be revealed through a plot twist following Aldrich Killian from Iron Man 3 (2013), The Winter SoldieBucky Barnes & Alexander Pierce from Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), and Ego from Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017). All other villains were either building up their intentions as a villain, or were clearly evil from their first appearance.

128. Among the VHS tapes on the shelf are Hook, First Knight, Jumpin Jack Flash, Junior, and Just Cause. The one she examines is The Right Stuff, which is about test pilots who join the space program. Among the planes tested was the Lockeed F104, which was able to fly from the ground to the edge of the atmosphere. Danvers' blocked memories are about her being a test pilot who took an experimental plane and flew it from the ground to the edge of the atmosphere.

129. Gemma Chan is the eleventh actor from the "Transformers" films (having previously played Quintessa) to appear in a Marvel superhero film, after Rachael Taylor (Maggie Madsen, Trish Walker), Hugo Weaving (Megatron, Red Skull), Kelsey Grammer (Beast, Harold Attinger), Titus Welliver (Felix Blake, James Savoy), Nicola Peltz (Tessa, Jane), Stanley Tucci (Abraham Erskine, Joshua Joyce/Merlin), Laura Haddock (Vivian Wembley, Meredith Quill), Omar Sy (Bishop, Hot Rod), Sir Anthony Hopkins (Sir Edmund Burton, Odin) and Jorge Lendeborg Jr. (Jason Ionello, Memo).

130. This film adds the seventh and eighth actor from a Sherlock Holmes franchise to appear in the MCU: Jude Law joins his own Sherlock, Robert Downey Jr.; Benedict Cumberbatch and Martin Freeman; and of course, John C. Reilly (Guardians of the Galaxy (2014), Holmes & Watson (2018)). Rachel McAdams (from Doctor Strange (2016)) was also a part of the Robert Downey, Jr., Sherlock Holmes franchise. Gemma Chan also appeared as Soo Lin Yao in Sherlock: The Blind Banker (2010). Sir Ben Kingsley played a brainier Dr Watson in Without a Clue (1988).
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2019.10.12 16:50 autobuzzfeedbot 19 celebrities you probably forgot guest-starred on 'Wizards of Waverly Place'

  1. "Baby Daddy" star Chelsea Kane appeared on season one as Kari Landsdorf.
  2. "The Fosters" star Bailee Madison played Maxine Russo, the female version of Max that was the result of spells that got mixed up.
  3. "American Idol" alum Justin Guarini was a reporter for a "wizard celebrity gossip show."
  4. Former "Saturday Night Live" star Rachel Dratch appeared on season 2, episode 4.
  5. "Hannah Montana" star Moises Arias appeared as Max's conscience.
  6. "Black Lightning" star China Anne McClain appeared on two episodes.
  7. Octavia Spencer appeared as Dr. Mary Beth Evilini, who was just as sinister as her last name suggested.
  8. Noah Munck, known for playing Gibby on "iCarly," played an executive at Wiz-World Industry.
  9. Bella Thorne played Max's secret girlfriend named Nancy Lukey.
  10. Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson guest-starred as himself on season two.
  11. Kate Flannery, known for her role as Meredith on "The Office," played Harper's mom.
  12. "That '70s Show" star Wilmer Valderrama played uncle Ernesto.
  13. Long before "Pretty Little Liars" fame, Lucy Hale appeared on two episodes of "WOWP."
  14. Alex put on a spell on herself in the hopes of going to the homecoming dance with Austin Butler's character, George.
  15. Supermodel Cindy Crawford walked a runway on season two of "WOWP."
  16. "Spy Kids" star Daryl Sabara played a wizard named TJ whose parents let him use magic whenever he wanted.
  17. "The Gifted" star Skyler Samuels played Alex's childhood nemesis, Gigi Hollingsworth.
  18. Uncle Kelbo was portrayed by "The Goldbergs" star Jeff Garlin.
  19. Shakira guest-starred on season three, episode 118.
Link to article
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Skip navigation Sign in. Search A lovely heartbreaking book - 'If I Was Your Girl' by Meredith Russo. http://www.ggpbooks.com/book/9781250078407 Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The next video is starting stop. Loading... Watch Queue Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube.